Tue. May 24, 09:00-11:00 OPENING CEREMONY
Portopia Hall, Kobe Portopia Hotel
Keynote Talk (1)
THE ROLE OF ANALOG CIRCUIT DESIGN IN THE NEW NANOWORLD
Barrie Gilbert, Ph.D.
Director, Northwest Labs.
Analog Devices, U.S.A.
It is often heard nowadays that analog design is mature and essentially stable, and that from here onward there will be little, or no, innovation in the development of basic analog cells. Rather, we will continue to see the increasing use of digital signal processing for routine purposes, and the re-use of existing cells in a cut-and-paste fashion where their use is "unavoidable". However, this view differs substantially from the trends visible in the IC industry today.
On the contrary, basic new cells of genuine originality and value are constantly being invented and put to good use. It is equally apparent that the demand for skilled analog circuit designers is even stronger today than at any time in the past. There are ample reasons to expect that our dependence on pure analog signal processing is going to be a permanent aspect of electronics - even as DSP becomes more powerful and as new devices emerge for use in fundamental applications, such as nanostructures that exploit unfamiliar modes of carrier transport and storage.
In this talk, I will attempt to explain why this must be so; that is, while numerous new techniques will emerge that harness the undeniable power of digital representations of physical variables, the entry into the digital world, and invariably the exit from it back to some variety of actuators, will in the majority of cases require the use of analog pre-conditioning, of some kind, in those many situations where it will remain impractical to digitize high-frequency or low-power signals directly, or to use digital drives to such essential actuators as antennas. Given the nature of this conference, emphasis will need to be placed on issues that theoreticians may choose to ignore. The audience will be encouraged to broaden their notion of what "electronics is all about". Mathematical methods may be absorbing research topics, but there has to be a strong expectation that they can be widely used.
Keynote Talk (2)
NEW USER BENEFITS CREATED BY THE NEXT GENERATION LIQUID-CRYSTAL-DISPLAY AND NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES
Corporate Senior Executive Vice President
Chief Technology Officer
Information and Communication Systems Business
Sharp Corporation, Japan
Smart appliances have evolved based on the two wheels of the semiconductor and display technologies that helped implement system architectures and human interfaces, respectively. Typical examples of this technology revolution can be seen in the progress made in developing calculators, personal computers (PCs), mobile phones, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs), and TVs. The talk focuses mainly on the LCD technologies, which are greatly enhancing the display businesses dealing with these appliances.
The main reason that the LCD appliances have become so widespread lies in the scalability of LCD devices. Due to their precious scalability feature, the application fields of LCDs can be greatly extended starting with calculators to PDA's, mobile phones, PCs, and TVs. This can be achieved by research and development (R&D) dedicated to the development of future appliances.
The LCD technology will continue to evolve toward the era of ubiquitous networks. The LCD device will play an increasingly important role as a bridge between the human behavior in our daily life and the network constituting our major social infrastructure.
The talk discusses the new user benefits produced by the next generation LCDs and network technologies.
INVITED TALK(Tue. MAY 24: 18:30-19:30)
Main Hall, International Conference Center Kobe
In commemoration as the first winner of the IEEE Gustav Robert Kirchhoff Award
LOCAL ACTIVITY AND EMERGENT COMPUTATION
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Using colorful slides and a surrealistic video demonstration on "art and music," this non-technical talk presents an elementary introduction on Emergence to a broad audience with no previous background on the subject.
Emergent computation is a new kind of computing paradigm with multi-disciplinary applications in areas such as nanoelectronics, brain science, artificial intelligence, game theory, evolutionary biology, economics, etc. The main objective of this lecture is to illustrate the circuit-theoretic property of local activity as the genesis of virtually all examples of emergent computation, including self-organization, synergetics, far-from-thermodynamic equilibrium phenomena, swarm intelligence, etc. In particular, no molecular or nanoelectronic device is capable of information processing unless it is locally active.
Among other things, the heretofore fuzzy jargon dubbed "edge of chaos" will be illustrated as a counter-intuitive and deep manifestation of local activity. A simple and explicit mathematical algorithm for identifying a region in the parameter space where a device or cell is operating on the edge of chaos will be given. From an information-theoretic perspective, most nano-electronic circuits must operate on the edge of chaos.
In most examples published to date, emergent computation evolves on a CNN (Cellular Nonlinear Network) substrate made of locally-active cells. In particular, all binary-state cellular automata can be implement in hardware using, a universal CNN "stem" cells, as in molecular biology. Using a group-theoretic approach, we will show that 4 out of the 256 one-dimensional cellular automata local rules (namely, 110, 124, 137, and 193) discussed at length in Wolfram's monumental tome ("A New Kind of Science") are globally-equivalent universal Turing machines.